Resilience in the United States Air Force: Psychometric Properties of the Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC)

Serena Bezdjian, Kristin G. Schneider, Danielle Burchett, Monty T. Baker, Howard N. Garb

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


Results are presented for the largest study (N = 53,692) ever conducted on the 25-item Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale (CD-RISC), a popular measure of resilience. We examined the internal consistency of the CD-RISC items and associated mean resilience levels within a sample of enlisted basic trainees in the United States Air Force. In addition, the predictive validity of the CD-RISC Total Score was examined for real-life military outcomes, including attrition from service and mental health diagnosis. The CD-RISC items demonstrated strong internal consistency. Item-level examinations of scores revealed that most trainees reported relatively high resilience. Results indicated that resilience measured at the beginning of military service is a significant predictor of (a) attrition from service and (b) obtaining a mental health diagnosis within 6 months of entry. Implications and future directions are discussed.
Original languageAmerican English
JournalPsychological Assessment
StatePublished - May 2017


  • Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale
  • United States Air Force
  • predictive validity
  • resilience


  • Psychology

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