Mood Recognition and Production: The Impact of Modality, Morphological Irregularity, and Input Manipulation

Muriel Gallego, Rebecca Pozzi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study explores subjunctive recognition and production among low-proficiency learners in the written and aural modalities. It seeks to establish whether mood recognition and production are increased due to irregular morphology and/or input manipulation. A total of 97 participants enrolled in second-semester Spanish classes completed mood selection and production tasks in the written modality as well as mood recognition tasks in the aural modality. Results indicate that there was a significant interaction between irregular morphology, task type, and modality. Irregularity influenced subjunctive recognition and production in the written and aural modalities, but only in certain tasks. Regarding production, participants were able to produce the subjunctive in subjunctive-triggering contexts, using more irregular verbs than regular verbs. As for recognition, participants recognized the subjunctive in the aural and written modalities, and irregular morphology and input enhancement impacted recognition in the aural modality. 
Original languageAmerican English
StatePublished - Sep 2018


  • aural modality/modalidad auditivo-oral
  • irregular morphology/morfología irregular
  • mood production/producción modal
  • subjunctive acquisition/adquisición de subjuntivo
  • subjunctive mood/ modo subjuntivo


  • Language and Literacy Education
  • First and Second Language Acquisition
  • Cognitive Psychology

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