Converging Identities: Dimensions of Acculturation and Personal Identity Status Among Immigrant College Students

Seth J. Schwartz, Su Yeong Kim, Susan Krauss Whitbourne, Byron L. Zamboanga, Robert S. Weisskirch, Larry F. Forthun, Alexander T. Vazsonyi, Wim Beyers, Koen Luyckx

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review


The present study was designed to ascertain the extent to which dimensions of acculturation would differ across personal identity statuses in a sample of 2,411 first- and second-generation, immigrant, college-attending emerging adults. Participants from 30 colleges and universities around the United States completed measures of personal identity processes, as well as of heritage and American cultural practices, values, and identifications. Cluster-analytic procedures were used to classify participants into personal identity statuses based on the personal identity processes. Results indicated that, across ethnic groups, individuals in the achieved and searching moratorium statuses reported the greatest endorsement of heritage and American cultural practices, values, and identifications; and individuals in the carefree diffusion status reported the lowest endorsement of all the cultural variables under study. These results are discussed in terms of the convergence between personal identity and cultural identity processes. 
Original languageAmerican English
JournalCultural Diversity Ethnic Minority Psychology
StatePublished - 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • identity status
  • acculturation
  • immigrant
  • personal identity
  • cultural identity


  • Sociology

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