Changes in University Club Athletes’ and Non-Athlete Students’ Stress and Perceived Gains Across a Semester

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To examine the relationship between club rugby participation, collegiate experiences, and perceived gains, 25 rugby players and 25 non-athlete students completed the Student-Athlete Experiences Inventory-Revised, Student-Athlete Gains Inventory, and Perceived Stress Scale at the start and end of a semester. A RM-ANOVA and partial-η 2 effect sizes determined if group and time differences were present. We selected variables associated with the post-scores for practical and liberal arts gains with the lasso method. Rugby players engaged in more diverse social interactions (partial-η 2 = 0.091) and were more actively involved on campus (partial-η 2 = 0.0914) than non-athlete students, but paradoxically had lower practical arts gains ( p < 0.0001). All students reported increasing stress levels from start to end of the semester (partial-η 2 = 0.109), which contributed to decreasing practical arts gains. Students need help with stress management near semester’s end. Club rugby players should seek support services on campus to improve career preparedness.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)4-16
Number of pages13
JournalRecreational Sports Journal
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 29 2020

ASJC Scopus Subject Areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Education
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Tourism, Leisure and Hospitality Management


  • Active involvement in university life
  • club sports
  • practical arts gains
  • liberal arts gains
  • career preparedness

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